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  • Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
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Furtadomyces sumptuosus Leonardo-Silva, Cotrim & Xavier-Santos

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Scientific name
Furtadomyces sumptuosus
Author
Leonardo-Silva, Cotrim & Xavier-Santos
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Polyporales
Family
Ganodermataceae
Assessment status
Under Assessment
Proposed by
Francisco Calaça
Assessors
Francisco Calaça, Genivaldo Alves-Silva, Juliano M. Baltazar, Luciana da Canêz, Diogo H. Costa-Rezende, Marcela Monteiro
Contributors
Lucas Leonardo-Silva, Solange xavier dos santos
Reviewers
E. Ricardo Drechsler-Santos, Kelmer Martins da Cunha, Gregory Mueller

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Furtadomyces sumptuosus Leonardo-Silva, Cotrim & Xavier-Santos, was described in 2022, from material collected in Goiás state, Brazil Central. Currently, the species has no synonyms, and the epithet refers to the conspicuous and large basidiomata.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

This conspicuous Furtadomyces species was described in 2022 from material collected in only one Brazilian Cerrado site, in the midwest region of Brazil, a hotspot for conservation ecosystem. The species grew in a dense leaf litter layer, attached to leaves on the soil surface, and the roots of an unidentified angiosperm plant. This species is being assessed as Endangered under criterion C2(a)ii.


Geographic range

This species is only known from one site in Goiás state, located at Floresta Nacional de Silvânia, an important Conservation Unit from the Cerrado biome (Brazilian Savanna). Furtadomyces sumptuosus was described as occurring in the mesophilic forest of the Cerrado biome, attached to leaves on the soil surface and the roots of an unidentified angiosperm plant.


Population and Trends

Furtadomyces sumptuosus is a recently described species, currently known from one site, with one collection in Goiás state, Brazil Central, in a mesophilic forest of Cerrado biome, a very threatened phytophysiognomy of this ecosystem. For these additional areas of occupancy, there are an estimated 500-1,000 additional potential sites each of them supporting around five mature individuals per site (1 collections / 1 sites × 3 multiplied factor × 2 ramets). Therefore, the current population of F. sumptuosus is estimated between 3,000 to 6,000 mature individuals, restricted to one subpopulation. The population decline was estimated in light of extension loss of suitable habitat (Bispo et al. 2024) and the influence that habitat degradation, fire regime, and vegetational covering loss, have on species occupation in a given environment, with at least 50% of the species’ population decreasing in the last three generations (50 years).

Population Trend: Decreasing


Habitat and Ecology

This species is a saprobic, wood-decomposer causing white-rot on dead wood, occurring in the Cerrado biome.

Subtropical/Tropical Dry ForestMoist Savana

Threats

Housing & urban areasTourism & recreation areasAgro-industry farmingAgro-industry grazing, ranching or farmingIncrease in fire frequency/intensity

Conservation Actions

Considering that the Cerrado is a global biodiversity hotspot ecosystem for conservancy and has had over 50% of its native vegetation devastated due to anthropogenic actions, especially agriculture, the main actions to prevent species decline are the protection of their habitat through the implementation of conservation areas and the application of public policies for the recovery of secondary forests.

Resource & habitat protectionGenome resource bankFormal educationAwareness & communicationsPolicies and regulationsSub-national level

Research needed

More surveys in unexplored areas of the Cerrado, especially in forest formations and other Brazilian biomes are needed to better understand the species’ distribution.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecologyHarvest, use & livelihoodsPopulation trendsHabitat trends

Use and Trade

No use or trade is known.

Unknown

Bibliography

Leonardo-Silva, L., Cotrim, C.F.C. & Xavier-Santos, S. 2022. Furtadomyces nom. nov. (Ganodermataceae, Basidiomycota) with description of F. sumptuosus, a new species of ganodermatoid fungi from Brazil. Mycological Progress 21(36). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-022-01794-0
Bispo, P.C., Picoli, M.C.A., Marimon, B.S. et al. 2024. Overlooking vegetation loss outside forests imperils the Brazilian Cerrado and other non-forest biomes. Nat Ecol Evol 8, 12–13. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-023-02256-w


Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted