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  • Under Assessment
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Solioccasus polychromus Trappe, Osmundson, Manfr. Binder, Castellano & Halling

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Scientific name
Solioccasus polychromus
Author
Trappe, Osmundson, Manfr. Binder, Castellano & Halling
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Boletales
Family
Boletaceae
Assessment status
Under Assessment
Proposed by
Catia Canteiro
Assessors
Susana P. Cunha, Susana C. Gonçalves
Comments etc.
Catia Canteiro

Assessment Notes

I had some trouble identifying threats specific for this type of habitat /region of Australia. Perhaps climate change/ drought/ increase in fire frequency?

Justification

Solioccasus polychromus is a hypogeous species, known from tropical and subtropical forests in Australia and Papua New Guinea. It was only described in 2013 and is likley undersampled due to its inconspicuous fruitbodies. Nevertheless, it is already known from approximately 20 sites, and population size is estimated at 100000 mature individuals, with no evidence of significant population decline. Therefore, this species is assessed as Least Concern (LC).


Taxonomic notes

Type and only species in the Solioccasus genus, established in 2013 based on morphological and phylogenetic evidence (Trappe et al., 2013). It has no synonyms.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?


Geographic range

Found in Papua New Guinea (Western Province) and in lowland tropical and subtropical forests in Australia, in the states of Northern Territory (Arnhem Land) and along the coast and coastal mountains of Queensland (Cape York to Brisbane). (Trappe et al., 2013)


Population and Trends

Known from roughly 20 sites (5 in Papua New Guinea, 15 in Australia) (Trappe et al., 2013; GBIF.org, 2023), though it is difficult to determine the exact number from location descriptions. Observations and known sites are likely limited by its inconspicuous fruitbodies, which despite being brightly coloured are mostly hypogeous, small, and sometimes covered by forest litter. Taken this into account, as well as the recent description of the species, and large number of potential hosts, a large multiplier for unknown sites can be applied (e.g. x500). Following guidelines by Dahlberg and Mueller (2011) population size is therefore projected to be above 100000 mature individuals, assuming 10 mature individuals exist per site.
There is no evidence of significant population decline.

Population Trend: Uncertain


Habitat and Ecology

Given its phylogenetic placement S. polychromus is assumed to be ectomycorrhizal but no host has been confirmed. Nevertheless, it is found in lowland tropical and subtropical forests, dominated by or in a mixture of ectomycorrhizal trees which constitute potential hosts, such as Allocasuarina littoralis, Corymbia spp. (C. dichromophloia, C. erythrophloia, C. polycarpa), Eucalyptus spp. (E. pellita, E. pilularis, E. racemosa, E. tetrodonta), Leptospermum spp., Lophostemon sp. and Melaleuca spp..
The fruitbodies are hypogeous or partly emergent, gregarious, and grown in sand or soil, often covered by forest litter. Spore dispersal is thought to occur through mycophagist species, namely by mammals and birds between Papua New Guinea and Australia through the Torres Strait.

Subtropical/Tropical Dry Forest

Threats

Of the potential host species only Eucalyptus pilularis has been assessed as Near Threatened, with all others having been assessed as Least Concern (Allocasuarina littoralis, Corymbia dichromophloia, C. erythrophloia, C. polycarpa, Eucalyptus pellita, E. pilularis, E. racemose and E. tetrodonta). Population decline trough habitat loss is also not expected to meet criteria for threatened categories in a 50 year period, using estimates by Global Forest Watch (2023) for tree cover loss (>30% canopy density) in the area of distribution of this species for the period of 2001 and 2021.


Conservation Actions


Research needed

Research into the ecology of the species is needed to help establish potential threats, determine host preference and species.


Use and Trade

No known anthropogenic uses


Bibliography


Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted