• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Neofusicoccum kwambonambiense Pavlic, Slippers & M.J. Wingf.

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Scientific name
Neofusicoccum kwambonambiense
Pavlic, Slippers & M.J. Wingf.
Common names
IUCN Specialist Group
Cup-fungi, Truffles and Allies
Assessment status
Proposed by
Anthony Cavalcanti
Comments etc.
Anthony Cavalcanti

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

It is part of the Neofusicoccum parvum–Neofusicoccum ribis species complex, and it is commonly found as its asexual stage (Pavlic et al., 2009).

Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

The species was firstly collected in South Africa in 2008, but there is still little data on its ecology. In Brazil, the area of ​​occurrence is the Atlantic Forest, one of the main global biodiversity hotspots, threatened by urbanization and agricultural activities. I suggest inclusion of it in the near threatened category.

Geographic range

The species is known in 11 countries, but GBIF shows only one. In Brazil, it is known in 2 of the 26 states.

Population and Trends

There are about 20 records of the species in the world, of which five (25%) are in South Africa. Although it is not a rare species, it is not very common.
Brazil has two occurrences of Neofusicoccum kwambonambiense, in the states of Espírito Santo (Lopes et al., 2014) and Alagoas (unpublished).

Population Trend:

Habitat and Ecology

Worldwide distribution, but mainly found in South Africa. In Brazil, the species is found in the Atlantic Forest.

Temperate ForestSubtropical/Tropical Dry ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland ForestSubtropical/Tropical Swamp ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Montane ForestDry SavannaSubtropical/Tropical Dry Lowland GrasslandPlantations


The two occurrences of the species in Brazil were in the Atlantic Forest, one of the largest biodiversity hotspot on the planet.

Housing & urban areasCommercial & industrial areasTourism & recreation areasShifting agricultureSmall-holder farmingAgro-industry farmingAgro-industry grazing, ranching or farming

Conservation Actions

Half of the species records in Brazil are mainly in areas of environmental protection, but it is also found in agricultural areas.

Site/area protectionResource & habitat protectionSite/area managementFormal educationAwareness & communications

Research needed

Studies of other biomes will contribute to assessing the species distribution.
It is part of the Neofusicoccum parvum-Neofusicoccum ribis species complex, and molecular studies need to be used to assist in species recognition, providing knowledge about the diversity in Botryosphaeriaceae.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecologyArea-based Management Plan

Use and Trade

Unpublished experiments with Neofusicoccum kwambonambiense isolates in Brazil have shown that this species has the potential for the production of L-asparaginase enzyme.

Manufacturing chemicals


Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted