• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Paraconiothyrium brasiliense Verkley

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Scientific name
Paraconiothyrium brasiliense
Common names
IUCN Specialist Group
Cup-fungi, Truffles and Allies
Assessment status
Proposed by
Anthony Cavalcanti
Comments etc.
Anthony Cavalcanti, David Minter

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Paraconiothyrium brasiliense was first described from a fruit of Coffea arabica in Brazil. The species has conidiomata 0.5 to 2 mm diam and discrete or assembled conidiogenic cells, ellipsoid to short cylindrical conidia and rounded (Verkley et al. 2004).

Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

The species was firstly collected in Brazil in 2004, but there is still little data on its ecology. In Brazil, the area of ​​occurrence is the Atlantic Forest, one of the main global biodiversity hotspots. I suggest inclusion of it in the Near Threatened category.

Geographic range

The species is known in 8 countries, but GBIF shows only five.

Population and Trends

Although it is not a rare species, it is not very common. Brazil has two occurrences of Paraconiothyrium brasiliense, in the states of Minas Gerais and Alagoas.

Population Trend:

Habitat and Ecology

It occurs mainly in South Africa. In Brazil, the species is found in coffee plantations and in the Atlantic Forest.

Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland ForestSubtropical/Tropical Mangrove Forest Vegetation Above High Tide LevelPlantations


In Brazil, the species is present in the Atlantic Forest, a biodiversity hotspot

Housing & urban areasCommercial & industrial areasShifting agricultureAgro-industry farming

Conservation Actions

Half of the occurrences in Brazil are in unprotected areas.

Site/area protectionSite/area managementHabitat & natural process restoration

Research needed

Other areas should be studied in order to assess the distribution of this species.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecology

Use and Trade

Paraconiothyrium brasiliense produced four new tricyclic sesquiterpenoids (Liu et al., 2010).

Other chemicals


Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted