- Scientific name
- Flammulina velutipes
- (Curtis) Singer
- Common names
- velvet shank
- Samtainā ziemene
- Zamtris manch’k’vala
- IUCN Specialist Group
- Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
- Assessment status
- Assessment date
- IUCN Red List Category
- Dahlberg, A.
- Knutsson, T.
is a globally widespread edible wood inhabiting fungus in a wide array of forest types. There is no evidence of decline. It can be locally abundant where suitable habitat exists. Therefore, it is assessed as Least Concern (LC).
is fairly common throughout Europe, North America and Asia. It is also recorded in Australia and New Zealand. Molecular research suggests the possibility that two or more species may be covered under the name F. velutipes
, in which case the distribution of individual species may not coincide with the whole of the range quoted here. The area of occupancy (AOO) of this species is much larger than 2,000 km², and its extent of occurrence (EOO) is much larger than 20,000 km².
Population and Trends
The population size is likely to be very large since this is such a widespread species, and more or less stable as there is no indication of any decline.
Population Trend: stable
Habitat and Ecology
is a wood-inhabiting fungus growing on dead or living wood or roots of deciduous trees, rarely on conifers. Common in temperate to subalpine zones, occasional in arctic to alpine conditions. The species is well known for growing and being found during cold weather, and usually appears in late fall or winter.
There are no major threats to this species.
No conservation measures are needed for this species since it is widespread and there are no major threats to it.
Use and Trade
is an edible species. The fungus is grown commercially in Japan, where they are variously known as Enoki, Enokitake or Enoko-take.
Source and Citation
Dahlberg, A. 2019. Flammulina velutipes. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T122090512A223007576. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T122090512A223007576.en
.Accessed on 2 February 2024