• Proposed
  • Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Dichopleuropus spathulatus D.A. Reid

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Scientific name
Dichopleuropus spathulatus
D.A. Reid
Common names
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Assessment status
Under Assessment
Proposed by
Catia Canteiro
Susana C. Gonçalves, Susana P. Cunha
Comments etc.
Catia Canteiro

Assessment Notes

Couldn’t access original article.
I have selected DD because for such a large distribution I would expect a larger number and more recent observations. There also very little available information, and lack of photos or drawings of the mushroom body - there is a photo in Wu and Chou (1995) but it seems to be dry (10.6693/CAR.1995.6.7) - you can also find photo here: https://www.bcrc.firdi.org.tw/fungi/fungal_detail.jsp?id=FU201505262133 and voucher photo here: https://catalog.digitalarchives.tw/item/00/43/99/58.html


Dichopleuropus spathulatus is a species with an apparent very wide distribution, as it has been found in Singapore, Taiwan, China, the United States of America and Brazil. Even so, it is only known from approximately 6 sites and was mostly documented between its description in 1965 and 1993, with the exception of an observation in 2005. Very little information is available on its habitat preferences and ecology, and more current records are needed to estimate population size and its current distribution. Therefore, the species is assessed as Data Deficient (DD).

Taxonomic notes

Dichopleuropus spathulatus is the type species of the Dichopleuropus monotypic genus (Index Fungorum, 2023). It was described in 1965 and is partly characterized by its microscopic characteristics, namely its hyphal system. (Quin et al. 2009)

Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Geographic range

This species has been documented in Singapore, Taiwan, the United States of America (Florida) (Wu and Chou, 1995), Brazil (Mato Grosso) (Welden, 1993) and China (Yunnan Province) (Quin et al. 2009).

Population and Trends

D. spathulatus has been found in approximately 6 sites and mostly before 1993 (Wu and Chou, 1995), excluding its most recent documented observation in 2005 (Quin et al. 2009). More current records and information on habitat preferences is needed to estimate its potential distribution, population size and trends.

Population Trend: Uncertain

Habitat and Ecology

D. spathulatus is an annual fungus and has been found growing in the ground (Quin et al. 2009).




Conservation Actions

Research needed

Directed search efforts and more research are needed to understand current distribution, habitat preferences and ecology of this species. Molecular analysis could also be useful to confirm its taxonomic position in this monotypic genus.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecologyThreats

Use and Trade


Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted