• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Mycena chlorophos (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Sacc.

Search for another Species...

Scientific name
Mycena chlorophos
(Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Sacc.
Common names
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Assessment status
Proposed by
Gonzalez, Kate Bakaysa, Samantha
Comments etc.
Gonzalez, Kate Bakaysa, Samantha, Serena ML Lee

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Small population size (less than 10,000) and decline associated with habitat loss.

Geographic range

Pacific and Southeast Asia, Brazil. Pantropical.

Population and Trends

Decreasing population due to habitat loss. Worldwide, 135 localities are known. The total
number of localities may be up to 10 times higher and hence, the total number of localities is estimated at 1350. This is estimated to correspond
to 2700 genetically unique mycelia (i.e. 2 functional individuals or genotypes/locality).

Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology

Saprotrophic fungus that grows in the forest on dead wood, twigs and bark (Corner 1954). In the Japanese Hachijo and Bonin Islands, the fungus mainly grows on the decaying petioles of the palm Phenix roeberenii (Mori et al. 2011). The species is hygrophilous and recognized as subtropical (Niitsu et al. 2000), but a recent study by Desjardin et al. (2010) also categorizes it as pantropical.

Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest


The main threat to this fungus is habitat loss, the destruction of the tropical rainforests the fungus grows in (Niitsu et al. 2000). Desjardin, et al. (2007) in it’s description of Mycena chlorophos in Brazil highlights the Atlantic Forest habitat one of the three most threatened ecosystems in the world.

Conservation Actions

Conservation of Mycena chlorophos is inevitably linked with conservation of the rainforests it resides in, which would focus on limiting continued deforestation, and planting and growing back lost parts of the forest. Niitsu and Hanyuda (2000) also recommend studying breeding techniques of the fungus for its ecological preservation.

Research needed

Recommended research into generation length, and getting a clearer scope on population size.

Use and Trade


Corner, E. (1954). Further descriptions of luminous agarics. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 37(3), 256,IN4-271,IN4.
Mori, Kenichi, Kojima, Satoshi, Maki, Shojiro, Hirano, Takashi, & Niwa, Haruki. (2011). Bioluminescence characteristics of the fruiting body of Mycena chlorophos. Luminescence (Chichester, England), 26(6), 604-610.
Niitsu, Hisashi, & Hanyuda, Nobuo. (2000). Fruit-body production of a luminous mushroom,Mycena chlorophos. Mycoscience, 41(6), 559-564.
Desjardin, Dennis E, Perry, Brian A, Lodge, D. Jean, Stevani, Cassius V, & Nagasawa, Eiji. (2010). Luminescent Mycena: New and noteworthy species. Mycologia, 102(2), 459-477.
Dennis E. Desjardin, Marina Capelari, & Cassius Stevani. (2007). Bioluminescent Mycena Species from SãO Paulo, Brazil. Mycologia, 99(2), 317-331.
“Mycena chlorophos (Berk. & M.A.Curtis) Sacc.,” Global Biodiversity Information Facility, accessed December 2, 2020, https://www.gbif.org/species/3318221.

Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted