• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Phaeocollybia pseudofestiva A.H. Sm.

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Scientific name
Phaeocollybia pseudofestiva
A.H. Sm.
Common names
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Assessment status
Proposed by
Noah Siegel
Comments etc.
Noah Siegel

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Described from a Type collection made near Crescent City, California, USA (Smith 1957).

Phaeocollybia pseudofestiva is often mistaken for the more common Phaeocollybia olivacea and P. fallax. All three can grow in close proximity; some collections identified as P. pseudofestiva contain fruitbodies of one or both of these species (Norvell & Exeter 2009).

Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Phaeocollybia pseudofestiva is an uncommon mushroom with a disjunct distribution on the northern California to British Columbia coast and Coast Range, and scattered sites in the Oregon Cascade Range.

This species appears to be restricted to mature and old growth forests. Suitable habitat is now rare and fragmented, continuing to decline in both quality and geographic extent.

Currently known from ~35 locations; mostly in Oregon.

Geographic range

Known from disjunct populations from coastal Mendocino County, California, USA north to Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada in Cast and Coast Range forests, and scattered location in the Cascade Range in Oregon.

Population and Trends

Population is widespread, but highly disjunct. It is currently known from ~35 locations (Norvell & Exeter 2009, Siegel et al. 2019, Mycoportal 2021). This species may be restricted to mature and old growth forests. Suitable habitat is now rare and fragmented, continuing to decline in both quality and geographic extent.

The scarcity of remnant old growth and mature forests in the Coast Range and Cascade foothills, and their fragmented condition are a major cause for concern; it is unknown if this species is capable of colonizing and persisting in younger forests.

Population Trend:

Habitat and Ecology

Ectomycorrhizal with conifers, and possibly Tanoak (Notholithocarpus densiflorus), and possibly restricted to late seral stage and old growth forests. Fruitbodies solitary or scattered in small patches, appearing in fall and early winter.

Temperate Forest


This is a ectomycorrhizal fungus species dependent on living host trees for viability. The major threat to this species and its co-occurring co-generic brethren is habitat destruction, via the logging of old-growth forests to which this species has a preference for. The extent of old growth forest in the Pacific Northwest of North America has declined 90% in the last century (Society of American Foresters 1984, Haynes 1986).

Climate change and droughts, along with forest management practices has made western forests highly susceptible to stand replacing forest fires. Fire is big threat to this species’ populations. A stand replacing fire could severely degrade and/or diminish its current range. Logging and machine clearing of understory vegetation should be limited in mature and old growth forest in areas where this species might occur.

Unintentional effects: large scale (species being assessed is not the target) [harvest]Increase in fire frequency/intensityDroughts

Conservation Actions

This species is included on the United States Forest Service Northwest Forest Plan Survey and Manage list of rare/old growth forests dependent fungi (Castellano et al. 2003), and has been actively surveyed for since the late 1990’s.

Research needed

Continued surveys for existing populations. A better understanding of habitat restraints and requirements; is it restricted to old growth?

Population size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecology

Use and Trade


Castellano, M.A., Cázares, E., Fondrick, B. and Dreisbach, T. (2003). Handbook to additional fungal species of special concern in the Northwest Forest Plan (Gen. Tech Rep. PNW-GTR-572). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station: Portland, OR. 144 p.

Haynes, T.W. 1986. Inventory and value of old-growth in the Douglas-fir region. PNW-RN 437. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.

MyCoPortal. 2021. http://mycoportal.org/portal/index.php. Accessed on February 12.

Norvell, L.L. and Exeter, R.L. 2009. Phaeocollybia of Pacific Northwest North America. US Department of Interior, BLM: Salem, OR. 229 p.

Siegel, N., Vellinga, E.C., Schwarz, C., Castellano, M.A. and Ikeda, D. 2019. A Field Guide to the Rare Fungi of California’s National Forests. Bookmobile: Minneapolis, MN. 313 p.

Society of American Foresters. 1984. Scheduling the harvest of old growth : Old-growth forests in the Pacific Northwest : a position of the Society of American Foresters and Report of the SAF Task Force on Scheduling the Harvest of Old-Growth Timber. Bethesda, MD.

Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted