Cantharellus amethysteus is a widespread European species that is not thought to face any significant threats that would impact its overall risk of extinction in the near future. Therefore, it is assessed as Least Concern.
Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?
Cantharellus amethysteus is a well-known species of Europe (I. Olariaga Ibarguren in litt. 2022), which is widespread from the Mediterranean to Scandinavia (First Nature 2024, GBIF 2024). While there are records of this species in North America (e.g. see GBIF 2024), it is not known if these are conspecific with C. amethysteus (First Nature 2024) and discussion around specimens from the west of North America that were queried as potentially being close to C. amethysteus has suggested that they would not represent this species (see Redhead et al. 1997). Thus, North American records have been excluded from this assessment.
Population and Trends
Although Cantharellus amethysteus is rare to occasional in its occurrence (First Nature 2024), its very wide distribution across Europe means that the population size will be large enough to not approach the thresholds for consideration as threatened. It is more common towards the south of its distribution (First Nature 2024).
Its wide distribution and occurrence with a variety of potential hosts also mean that it is unlikely to be declining rapidly.
Population Trend: Uncertain
Habitat and Ecology
This is an ectomycorrhizal species that usually occurs with deciduous trees, although it can be rarely found with pines (First Nature 2024). It is more commonly associated with beech, birch and oak (First Nature 2024). In more northern areas it can be found fruiting in small groups from summer to early autumn, but towards the south of its range it may only start fruiting in autumn and continue throughout winter and into early spring (First Nature 2024).
While it will face localised threats, there are not thought to be any threats that would significantly impact this species’ conservation status at this time.
Research into the taxonomic placement of specimens collected under this name in North America should be be conducted to confirm if they should be included within this species or not. Work to ascertain an accurate population trend may also be useful.
TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trends
Use and Trade
This is an edible fungal species (First Nature 2024).